Tinea, commonly referred to as Ringworm, is a common fungal infection, especially among children, that appears on different parts of the body. It is characterized by ring-shaped, scaly and itchy patches of the skin. These patches are characterized clinically as having what we describe as an “advancing border.” The patches may blister or ooze fluid. Ringworm is contagious and can be passed from person to person or through contact with contaminated personal care products, clothing or linens. Pets, particularly cats, can also pass on the infection.
The fungi are attracted to warm, moist environments, which is why the most common forms of ringworm include:
- Tinea Barbae, which occurs on bearded areas of the face and neck.
- Tinea Capitis, which occurs on the scalp, and is common in children.
- Tinea Cruris, also known as Jock Itch, which occurs in the groin area.
- Tinea Pedis, also known as Athlete’s Foot, which occurs between the toes.
Ringworm may respond to home remedies including keeping the area clean and dry, applying over-the-counter antifungal powders, lotions or creams. However, in cases which do not resolve easily, dermatologists are the leaders in taking care of these fungal infections. We will recommend topical and oral prescription medications, which can help resolve the conditions in a faster manner.
What Is It?
Tinea versicolor is a superficial fungal infection that causes changes in the outermost layer of the skin. The lesions appear as round, fine, scaling patches, which can be pink, tan or white. Of these, white is the most common.
What Causes It?
The infection is caused by a yeast-like fungus which normally lives on the skin’s surface in small numbers. A rash is usually seen as small and scaly with white and tan spots scattered over the upper arms, chest, back and neck. Tinea versicolor can cause mild itching. You may first become aware of the condition after sun exposure because the affected areas do not tan, causing more noticeable white spots.
What Can Be Done?
The infection is easily treated with either topical or oral antifungal medications. The fungus is killed rapidly with therapy, but the uneven skin tones may take several months to return to normal color.
Patients at Gold Skin Care Center in Nashville are encouraged to stay away from tanning salons, as excessive Ultraviolet (UV) exposure may trigger this infection.